Shanxi Maps

Shanxi Introduction

         Shangxi Province is located in the middle reaches of the Yellow River. Loess Plateau starts from the Taihang Mountain in the east to the Wuqiao Range in the west. Its east part belongs to Shanxi Province. Most of the areas in the province are covered by loess. The depth of loess layer ranges from 30 meters to 100 meters. Shanxi Province is in the center of Loess Plateau. It has the Taihang Mountain and the Lvliang Mountain o­n the east and west sides as well as the Zhongtiao Mountain and the Henshan Mountain o­n the south and north sides. The Yellow River flows through the southwest of the province. It covers an area of 156,000 square kilometers.
      Shanxi is o­ne of the birthplaces of the Chinese civilizations. It was the land of the Jin State during the Spring and Autumn Period. Therefore, it is called Jin for short. The strong state of Qin unified the whole country and established thirty six shires with Shanxi being o­ne among them; the country was resurged during the flourishing period of the Tang Dynasty and the Emperor Minghuang made a good start to the flourishing age of Kaiyuan; during the North Song, the country went downhill and Emperor Huizong promoted Longde to be a prefecture by leading the vassal state of Luzhou; a large number of cultural heritage left by ancient history coupled with complicated topography and landform as well as rivers and mountain forms multitudes of natural landscapes. Shanxi is an old revolutionary base. During the World War Two, Chinese Eighth Route Army occupied the Taihang Mountain and established the border region. The revolutionary sites and relics scatter about the whole province. The famous o­nes include the site of the headquarters of the Chinese Eighth Route Army, Huangyadong arms factory of the Chinese Eighth Route in Licheng and the Memorial Hall of Liu Hulan in Wenshui, etc.
      The ancient wall paintings in Shanxi are representative in the development history of Chinese wall paintings. Moreover, drama is also characterized by national style and spirit.

Shanxi Traffic

Shanxi has made great strides in transport and communications. Now it has basically established a solid traffic network of crisscrossing and radiating railways, highways and airlines. The Shanxi railway takes the north and south Tong-Pu railway lines and the Shi-Tai railway line as the trunk and develops into a railway transport network covering nine major railway lines of Shi-Tai, Jing-Yuan, Jing-Bao, Tai-Jiao, Han-Chang, Hou-Yue, Da-Qin, and north and south Tong-Pu as well as three main branch lines and more than four hundred special lines, which are connected respectively with the national railway main arteries of Jing-Bao Line, Jing-Guang Line and Long-Hai Line and lead to all the large cities of China and seashore wharfs such as Qinhuangdao, Tianjin and Shijiusuo. The highways of Shanxi Province center o­n the provincial capital Taiyuan and take the national highways and provincial main stems as framework, linking all the parts of the province and connecting Shanxi to the places outside the province. The Da (Datong)-Yun (Yuncheng) highway running from north to south is a main stem for the material circulation of the whole province. The newly opened Taiyuan-Jiuguan Highway is connected with the Beijing-Shijiazhuang Highway and incorporated into the network system of Jing-Jin-Tang and Jin-Shen highways. 

Shanxi also has rapid development in civil aviation and air transportation. The provincial capital Taiyuan has got forty o­ne airlines to and fro more than thirty large cities in the country. In 1993, Taiyuan Airport was opened to traffic and became a national first class airport with the approval of the State Department. In August, 17th of the same year, it opened direct charter flights to Hong Kong.

Datong-Qinghuangdao Railway Line, the first special coal transportation railway o­n which heavy haul unit trains run, as well as the newly built Houma-Yueshan Railway Line has become a new main artery for transporting coal out of Shanxi Province. Shanxi has 194 kilometers of railway lines with the Tong-Pu railway line running from north to south and connecting the two ends of Shanxi and Houxi and Houyue railway lines running from east to west as the second European-Asian continental bridge in our country.

Shanxi Province now has more than thirty thousand kilometers of highways, half of which are mostly high and second high grade highways. It has basically developed a highway network, which centers o­n cities such as Taiyuan, Datong, Changzhi, Linfen and Houma, and links all the cities and counties as well as above 95% of towns in the province.

The status of Shanxi waterways is related with its geographical environment. Shanxi, which is located o­n Loess Plateau, has less rainfall and few rivers distributed over its area. The Yellow River and the tributary of Fen River flowing through Shanxi are narrow with shallow water level and unsteady current, which is conductive to the development of river transportation.

Shanxi Festivals

1 Jin Merchant Shehuo Festival
Characteristics of the activity:Shehuo as a traditional performance art existent widely among the folks of the Central Jin has become a folk entertainment activity full of good wishes such as happy events, luck and blessing. Its main activity items include appreciating festive lanterns of ancient Pingyao city, hanging auspicious bells o­n marvelous Mianshan Mountain and holding Shehuo in the Wangs’ grand courtyard house.
Location of the activity:Jiexiu Mianshan Mountain, ancient Pingyao City and the Qiaos’ grand courtyard house
Date of the festival:December 28th to January 18th of the Chinese lunar calendar of every year(February 9th to March 1st of the Gregorian calendar)

2 Ancient Pingyao City Cultural and International Tourist Festival
Characteristics of the activity:During the festival, there are several traditional folk culture and arts performances such as Welcoming Guest Ceremony in the Ancient Style, Casting an Embroidered Ball downstairs from a Storied Building to seek a Spouse and Interrogation of the Magistrate in the Feudal Society.
Location of the activity:The main meeting place is not fixed every year.
Date of the festival:It starts from June 9th of every year.

3 Yongji International Lover’s Month
Characteristics of the activity:The love story in the classical opera called the Romance of West Chamber happened here. Hence, this ancient temple with a history of o­ne thousand years become a tourist attraction enjoying a great reputation at and abroad.    
Location of the activity:Pujiu Temple of Yongji City
Date of the festival:September 26th to October 25th of every year

4 Wutai Mountain Temple Fair in June
Characteristics of the activity:Farmers, who want to trade livestock, believers in God, who want to make a pilgrimage to the mountain and worship the     Buddha, tourists home and abroad, who want to take sightseeing, and merchants, who come from all directions to do business, all gather together here. During the busiest period, the people gathering in Taihuai County reaches 140 to 150 thousand. There are also some colorful culture and arts programs at intervals.
Location of the activity:Taihuai Town of Wutai County
Date of the festival:June of every year

5 Buzha Dance (Mask Dance)
Characteristics of the activity:It is a significant Buddhist ritual, which can drive out the evils and greet happiness and peace.  
Location of the activity:Huangjiao Temple of Wutai Mountain
Date of the festival:June 15th of the Chinese lunar calendar of every year

6 Wutai Mountain International Tourist Month
Characteristics of the activity:During the festival, large-scale Buddhist rituals, folk culture and arts activities and the mule & horse livestock trade fair are held.
Location of the activity:Taihuai Town of Wutai County
Date of the festival:July 25th to August 25th of every year

7 Shanxi Noodles Festival
Characteristics of the activity:During the Shanxi Noodles Culture Festival, several activities such as introduction to quality noodle, savoring noodles and performance of making noodles. 
Location of the activity:Taiyuan
Date of the festival:September 27th to October 10th of every year

8 Kitchen God Worship Festival
Characteristics of the activity:When worshipping the kitchen god, the god should first be set up and then sumptuous food and wine are offered as a sacrifice. Cooking vessels, chopping blocks, bamboo containers are also set. Moreover, there is a ceremony of welcoming corpses.
Location of the activity:Every household
Date of the festival:December 23rd of the Chinese lunar calendar of every year

9 Ancient Temple Fair of Jin Ancestral Temple
Characteristics of the activity:The ancient temple fair in the Jin Ancestral Temple has also become a day of worshipping the god.
Location of the activity:Trade companies in all the counties in the suburbs of Taiyuan City
Date of the festival:July 2nd of the Chinese lunar calendar of every year

Shanxi Service Telephones

Taiyuan Travel Bureau: 0351-3232672

Shanxi Hotels

  • Wolong Hotel

    Wolong Hotel

    Preparatory Three-star Jiexiu Price:-

    ---Hotel has a well-equipped guest rooms and entertainment facilities, leisure is the ideal place to stay.

  • Hanting Express (Taiyuan Yingze)

    Hanting Express (Taiyuan Yingze)

    Two-star or Less Taiyuan Yingze Price:-

    Hotel has a well-equipped guest rooms and entertainment facilities, leisure is the ideal place to stay.---

  • Wellsoon Hotel

    Wellsoon Hotel

    Preparatory Three-star Changzhi Price:-

    The Wellsoon Hotel (Changzhi Weierxin Shangwu Jiudian) hosts a cafeteria, an ideal rendezvous for expertly prepared buffets. In terms of relaxation, guests can take a sauna, play at c..

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